The relationship between childhood maltreatment and subsequent offending/victimization is well-established. However, the magnitude of this relationship for different levels of child protection services (CPS) involvement is poorly understood, due to measurement issues, lack of longitudinal data, and reliance on reports of substantiated maltreatment, which can underestimate the impact of maltreatment. This study examined associations between CPS involvement during childhood (ages 0 to <11 years) and police services contact (as a victim and/or a person of interest) in early adolescence (11 to ~14 years), differentiated according to levels of CPS involvement (i.e., no risk of significant harm [non-ROSH], unsubstantiated ROSH, substantiated ROSH, and out-of-home care; each examined relative to no CPS contact). Data for 71,465 children were drawn from the New South Wales Child Development Study, an intergenerational, longitudinal investigation that uses administrative records from CPS and police alongside other health, justice, and education data. Multinomial regression analyses were conducted to determine associations between increasing levels of CPS involvement and police contact as a victim only, a person of interest only, and as both victim and person of interest, while accounting for covariates (i.e., child’s sex, Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander background, socioeconomic status, maternal age at child’s birth, and parental offending history). Children exposed to any of the four levels of CPS involvement had higher odds of police contact, relative to children with no CPS involvement. Odds ratios were higher for contact with police as both a victim and a person of interest, compared to police contact as a victim or a person of interest only. These findings highlight that children with even unsubstantiated CPS reports (i.e., non-ROSH and unsubstantiated ROSH reports) are at heightened risk of police contact compared to children who are unknown to CPS, underlining the need to support all families in contact with CPS.
Stacy Tzoumakis, PhD, is a Senior Research Fellow at the Griffith Criminology Institute, Griffith University, Australia. She is interested in the intersection between the child protection and criminal justice systems. Her research focuses on the intergenerational transmission of antisocial behavior and maltreatment. She is particularly interested in understanding gender differences in risk and protective factors for maltreatment and offending.
Attention - Votre version d'Internet Explorer est vieille de 18 ans et peut ne pas vous offrir une expérience optimale sur le site du CICC. Veuillez mettre à jour votre ordinateur pour une expérience optimale. Nous vous recommandons Firefox ou Chrome, ou encore ChromeFrame si vous êtes dans un environnement corporatif ou académique dans lequel vous ne pouvez pas mettre à jour Internet Explorer.