The International Centre for Comparative Criminology is directly or indirectly associated with a network and several research chairs, and laboratories. Led by our researchers, these infrastructures have a presence in several universities across Quebec, including the Université de Montréal, Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières, HEC Montréal, and Université Laval.
Here is a brief description of the main research entities:
Since 2016, Benoît Dupont has been the chairholder of the Canada Research Chair in Cybersecurity (Tier 1), a chair with a duration of 7 years (2016-2023).
The purpose of this chair is to facilitate the emergence of an integrated field of study on cybersecurity by developing transdisciplinary, empirical and theoretical knowledge on the governance and regulation of digital risks. At the crossroads of criminology, computing, and regulation studies, the chair will develop tools to help compare a wide range of cybersecurity practices and policies implemented on a national and international level. Any knowledge acquired will help strengthen the resiliency of the digital ecosystem.
From 2006 to 2016, Benoît Dupont was the chairholder of the Canada Research Chair in Security and Technology (2006-2011; 2011-2016) where he concentrated his efforts on better identifying the main changes that affect public and private security.
Chairholder : Decio Coviello
The goal of this chair (2016-2021) is to develop an innovative research program that quantifies the impact of government provision of public goods on policy-relevant economic outcomes. More specifically, this research will study big data from Italy, Quebec, and the United Kingdom to quantify the impact of government provision of public goods on economic factors associated with long-term economic development.
The chair, with financial support from the Canada Foundation for Innovation, the John R. Evans Leaders Fund, and the Quebec government, will create the Public Goods Lab. The goal of the lab is to provide extensive data extraction from unique administrative records and a computationally intensive micro-econometrics analysis of big data.
Chairholder : Benoit Dupont
This philanthropic chair, held by Benoît Dupont (professor at the Université de Montréal’s École de criminologie, ICCC researcher, and cybersecurity specialist), seeks to help prevent internet fraud by raising awareness and providing better tools in the field of cybersecurity, in order to enable people to better protect themselves. In addition, this chair also seeks to help turn Montreal and Quebec into a talent hub for this field.
Funded by two banking organizations, namely the Desjardins Group and the National Bank, and endowed with $1 million in funding over five years (2018-2023), this Chair was inaugurated on November 7, 2018, at the Université de Montréal.
Chairholder : Gabriella Coleman
The mandate of the Wolfe Chair (2012-2022) is to conduct research, teach, and perform public outreach regarding the intellectual foundations, nature, and methods of scientific and technological innovation, and to provide support to well-rounded students capable of making constructive contributions to debates surrounding science, technology, and society.
The chair is devoted to research that advances understanding of key scientific and technological concepts and examines the relationships among science, technology, and a broad range of social, ethical, political, and economic issues, practices and conditions.
Chairholder : Shari Forbes
Shari Forbes investigates postmortem changes in the body, to determine how Canada’s distinctive environment affects decomposition rates. She and her research team will use her unique forensic expertise to establish a pioneering research site in thanatology in Trois-Rivières, the only place in Canada to offer this outdoor laboratory, and the only global facility representing northern climates. This chair represents an interdisciplinary and interinstitutional collaboration in analytical chemistry, biochemistry, anatomy, engineering and environmental science. Forbes’s research will have an impact on death investigations throughout Canada and around the world, helping in the recovery and identification of missing persons and victims of homicide and mass disasters.
Chairholder : Elsa Euvrard
Elsa Euvrard is the holder of this Chair (2018-2022), created in 2018 through a partnership between the Université Laval, the Ministère de la Sécurité Publique, and the Ministère de la Justice du Québec. Many concerns are at the root of this Chair, namely the need to both take into account the living situations for the most vulnerable individuals in the justice system, and to develop knowledge and practices in the field of social reintegration, with an eye towards establishing a more just and inclusive society. The Chair was also established to help create a broad partnership between the institutional and academic fields, and to build bridges between the various actors in the judicial, correctional, and community chain.
Marie Manikis began, on May 1, 2019, a five-year term as a William Dawson Scholar. Granted by McGill University, this award acknowledges individuals who are developing into outstanding and original researchers of world-class caliber, poised to become leaders in their fields. (2019-2024, 125,000$)
The Smart Cybersecurity Network (SERENE-RISC), under scientific director Benoit Dupont, is a knowledge mobilization network created to improve the general public’s awareness of cybersecurity risks and to empower all to reduce those risks through knowledge.
SERENE-RISC uses knowledge mobilization, a technique that involves moving knowledge from where it was created to where it can be used, strengthening connections among research, policy, and practice. Knowledge mobilization takes a scientific approach to implementing and harmonizing multiple research disciplines and to sharing that research between research producers (e.g. university researchers) and the end-users, who could benefit from the research results, including government, industry, and not-for-profit representatives.
This program, of which Natacha Brunelle is the Scientific Director, is funded by SSHRC’s Partnership Grants program ($2,454,113, 2018-2025).
Consisting of six interlocking research projects conducted jointly by 22 partner institutions in three regions of Quebec, and 14 researchers from five universities, this program has the following objectives: 1) Describe the trajectories of both desistance from delinquency, and socio-community (re)integration, for young people in the justice system; 2) Analyze the collaborative links between the various actors involved in both desistance from delinquency, and socio-community (re)integration of young people in the justice system; 3) Develop intersectoral action strategies to promote desistance from delinquency and socio-community (re)integration of young people in the justice system; and 4) Design, implement, and evaluate the implementation of an intersectoral pilot project to meet the needs of young people in the justice system as part of their desistance and socio-community (re)integration.
In addition to Natacha Brunelle, this research program, which includes six other ICCC researchers, namely Serge Brochu, Isabelle F. Dufour, Sylvie Hamel, Carlo Morselli, Chantal Plourde, and Mathilde Turcotte, aims to contribute towards establishing a safer and more inclusive society.
Contact email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Thanks to a CFI grant obtained by our researcher Shari Forbes, a forensic thanatology laboratory is being established at the Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières, in order to study death and the biochemical changes that occur in a post-mortem organism in the Canadian ecosystem. This research will help improve the recovery, identification, and repatriation of victims’ remains in cases of missing persons, homicides, mass disasters, and war crimes.
Directed by Anne Crocker, this interuniversity, interdisciplinary and intersectoral observatory for research in justice and mental health, attached to the Institut national de psychiatrie légale Philippe-Pinel, aims to bring together researchers and partners from across Quebec in the areas of health, social services, law, public security, community, advocacy and family representatives to deepen knowledge, inform and improve intersectoral practices at the interface of mental health, justice and public safety.
Its mission is to 1) support the prevention of the criminalization and criminalization of people with cognitive or mental health problems; 2) facilitate the emergence of service use trajectories better adapted to the needs and rights of vulnerable people with legal issues; and 3) ensure the consistency and monitoring of interventions, integration, reintegration or reintegration of people in the community and in their communities.
To learn more (French website)
Thanks to a CFI grant awarded to our researcher Benoit Dupont, the ICCC is now equipped with a cybersecurity lab capable of accommodating 10 research assistants, as well as a programmer analyst and a research professional. The lab also boasts specialized software and servers that can be used for both advanced research and data sharing.
Under the direction of our researcher Decio Coviello, this lab, along with its cutting-edge technology, allows experts to build advanced economic models that can quantify how the reduction of public goods services impacts the economy. The lab gathers crucial data by analyzing political changes that have occurred in Quebec and Italy during the past fifteen years. Once the model is built, we will be able to anticipate the effects of future public goods policies.
This laboratory, equipped with a Raman spectrometer, thanks to a grant from the Canadian Foundation for Innovation obtained by Cyril Muehlethaler, allows the development of advanced spectroscopic techniques for the detection of traces in forensic science. It is particularly useful for Cyril Muehlethaler's programming research, especially in SERS (Surface-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy).
Funded by the Canada Foundation for Innovation (CFI) and led by our researcher David Décary-Hétu, the Darknet and Anonymous Research Center (DARC) is a research infrastructure that helps to understand and explain the impact of anonymity technologies on the phenomenon of crime in Canada in general, and more specifically on the activities of illicit online markets. This infrastructure is now required to open new research projects on delinquent activities online. These activities, which recently generated a large amount of traces, are becoming increasingly obscure due to the adoption by criminals of anonymity technologies such as encryption and virtual currencies. DARC has 8 state-of-the-art workstations and a large number of virtualized servers that host the center's massive data collection tools (DATACRYPTO) and bitcoin flow analysis (BITCLUSTER).
Originally affiliated with the Canada Research Chair in Surveillance and the Social Construction of Risk (S. Leman-Langlois, 2009-2019, 1,000,000$) and led by our researcher Stéphane Leman-Langlois, this lab allows around 10 people at a time to immerse themselves in a virtual 3D environment. Located in the Charles De Koninck Building at Université Laval, the lab has two rooms: a main room equipped with the latest computer technology, and an adjoining control and observation room.
Created in 2015, the Laboratoire de recherche en criminalistique (LRC) at the Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières (UQTR) brings together a group of researchers ans is led by two of our regular researchers, Frank Crispino and Cyril Muehlethaler.
Five ICCC researchers, all attached to the Département de chimie, biochimie et physique at the UQTR, participate as regular researchers: Frank Crispino, Emmanuel Milot, André Lajeunesse, Shari Forbes and Cyril Muehlethaler.
The LRC includes optical-, chemistry-, analysis- and crime scene-focused laboratories, designed in 2012 when Frank Crispino arrived for the launch of the UQTR’s forensic science program. A description of the labs follows.
Intended to offer a review of everything learned during an undergraduate degree, the Crime Scene Lab has both a wet room (meant to simulate a kitchen, bathroom, etc.) and an adjoining dry room (den, bedroom, or living room), which can be either connected to or separated from each other though a common corridor.
This lab is a professional photography studio reserved for reproducing photos of items and traces presented for analysis. It has a bottomless table, a light table, two lightboxes, four professional 1100W flashes, each powered by two power packs, four 6500K lights, two Lumahawks (continuous 1200W at 6500K), reflectors, and deflectors.
This dark lab with 12 fully equipped workstations (photographic columns, still cameras, monochromatic lamps, excitation and emission filters) allows users to record raw and revealed traces using optical techniques based on selective absorption and luminescence (fingerprints, footwear traces, tool marks, contaminants, etc.).
This lab has been designed for the examination of various forms of physical, chemical, and biological traces that students and researchers will encounter. It is safe and equipped with all the supplies an organic chemist requires (lab glassware, balances, ultrasonic cleaners, shakers, fume hoods, ovens, etc.), including two cyanoacrylate fuming tanks, a vacuum fuming tank (donation from the provincial police force), and a microtome.
This lab has been designed to observe and analyze samples (fibres, soil, glass, paint chips) through different levels of magnification, and their comparative identification by polarization microscopy. Data can be recorded on a dedicated system thanks to a set of cameras and focal tubes and professional camera equipment. The lab also has a microtome, 11 stereo microscopes, and 12 optic microscopes.
In the concept of a specific training for forensics, lab 3132 is the place where evidence is submitted and students perform their first observations and analyzes to determine the appropriate analytical strategy for the inquiry. It is also where testing is completed by consulting the analytical data for the profile’s requirements and the drafting of various reports.
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